Basic information about the Modern Language Association (MLA) format and style for research papers and for citations. Scroll down the page for a few examples of the most common types of sources cited.
MLA style is set and updated as needed by the Modern Language Association, which is currently the 8th edition, and is used in all the examples here.
MLA style is used for most courses in the humanities, which may include Anthropology, Classics, Games & Sports, Geography, History, Languages, Law and Politics, Literature, Performing arts, Philosophy, Religion, Visual arts. "Style" includes more than just citation formats. It also covers how to write clearly, how to organize and layout your paper or project, punctuation, word choice, spelling, use of fonts, abbreviations and acronyms, critical thinking and fundamentals of research.
Please note that MLA style requires that citations in the Works Cited list be formatted with a hanging indent which is a format not supported by the web page design software used to make this page.
A Source in a Single Container: An Essay in a Book Collection
Copeland, Edward. “Money.” The Cambridge Companion to Jane Austen, edited by Copeland and Juliet McMaster, Cambridge UP, 1997, pp. 131-48.
A Source in a Single Container: A Video on a Web Site
“Curiosity Rover Report (August 2015): Three Years on Mars!” NASA’s Journey to Mars: Videos, edited by Sarah Loff, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, 30 July 2015, www.nasa.gov/topics/journeytomars/videos/index.html.
A Source in Two Containers: A Journal Article Retrieved from a Database
Lorensen, Jutta. “Between Image and Word, Color, and Time: Jacob Lawrence’s The Migration Series.” African American Review, vol. 40, no. 3, 2006, pp. 571-86. EBSCOHost, ezproxy.redwoods.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=24093790&site=ehost-live&scope=site.